Yes it can. If you do not perform your system updates, you may experience wireless connection problems.
Updates stabilize and fix systems as well as add features and new capabilities.
Most importantly, update your network drivers to the latest version by applying your Windows Updates to your computer.
Also ensure you have up-to-date anti-virus software (How can students protect their computers from viruses?) and a personal firewall on your computer.
Caution! If you don't do regular updates, you will leave your computer open to risks or even prevent a wireless connection from working at all. Always perform any available updates!
For help with Windows updates, see How can I tell if my Windows is up to date?
To connect to college wireless, see What wireless networks are available on campus?